In 1800, only 2% of the world’s population lived in cities. By the mid-1970s, rural to urban migration numbered 250,000 people annually.

Presently, some 1.5 million people join the urban population every week, through a combination of migration and childbirth. Rapid urbanisation has meant that by the year 2050, more than 60% of the world’s population will live in cities.

All these are likely to have important implications for living standards and well-being producing uncertain feedbacks and knock-on effects over time.

Europe is bound to the rest of the world through an enormous number of systems — environmental, economic, social, political and others. To design effective ways to manage the environmental changes ahead, societies and governments need to understand the global drivers at work and their potential implications.

In the recent United Nations global survey My World 2015 over 8.5 million people all over the world voted for Better Healthcare and Access to Clean Water and Sanitation very high on their list of priorities.

These are two areas under Urbanisation and Demographic Changes which PVC is very well positioned to address...

Demographic Changes