Stabiliser Fact Tables

Table 1 - Typical Metal Content Of PVC Formulations

 

Stabiliser Type Principal Metal Metal Content (%) In PVC Formulation
    Packaging Other
Lead compounds Lead Not Used
Organotins Tin 0.1-0.2 0.3-1.0
Barium/zinc compounds (only for plasticised applications) Barium Zinc Not used ~0.1 <0.2
Calcium/zinc compounds Calcium Zinc 0.1 <0.2 <0.5

 

Table 2 - Applications for Stabilisers - European Market

  Stabiliser Type            
Application Pb Pb/Ba/Cd  Ba/Cd Ca/Zn Ba/Zn
Sn K/Zn (2)
Unplasticised PVC         
Pipes ++      ++(1)      
Fittings ++          +(1)  
Profiles ++ ++   +      
Foil            

 ++

 
Bottles       ++    ++  
Sheet  +     (+)    ++  
Plasticised PVC              
Cable Covering  +     ++      
Foil and Sheet  +     +  ++    
Flooring          ++  +  ++
Wall Covering       (+)  ++  +  ++
Medical Use       ++      
Tubes and Footwear       +  ++    
Food Packaging Film       ++      
Fabric Coating       +  ++    ++

 
++ Major use
+ Minor use
(+) Occasional use
(1) Used for potable water pipe
(2) Used as a stabiliser/'kicker' for foamed layers in these products